Olmert offers Palestinian state in exchange for peace

JERUSALEM – Prime Minister Ehud Olmert reached out to the Palestinians on Monday in one of his most conciliatory speeches yet, saying he was prepared to grant them a state, release desperately needed funds and free prisoners if they choose the path of peace.

Olmert’s remarks sealed a dramatic policy shift and built on a day-old truce meant to end five months of violence in the Gaza Strip, but new rocket attacks by Palestinian militants threatened the latest rapprochement.

“I hold out my hand in peace to our Palestinian neighbors in the hope that it won’t be returned empty,” Olmert said.

“We cannot change the past and we will not be able to bring back the victims on both sides of the borders,” he said. “All that we can do today is stop additional tragedies.”

Olmert appealed to the Palestinians to form a new, moderate Cabinet committed to carrying out a U.S.-backed peace plan and securing the release of a captured Israeli soldier.

Once such a government was established, Olmert said, he would call for an immediate meeting with the moderate Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, “to have a real, open, honest, serious dialogue between us.”

Palestinian legislator Saeb Erekat, a top Abbas aide, said the Palestinians were ready to negotiate a final peace deal.

“I believe Mr. Olmert knows he has a partner, and that is President Abbas. He knows that to achieve peace and security for all, we need to shoot for the end game,” Erekat said.

But the Palestinian Cabinet, led by Hamas militants who reject Israel’s right to exist, accused Olmert of posturing.

“This is a conspiracy. This is a new maneuver. Olmert is speaking about the Palestinian state without giving details about the borders,” said Ghazi Hamad, a government spokesman.

Olmert’s speech raised the diplomatic stakes ahead of President Bush’s scheduled trip to neighboring Jordan this week for talks with Iraqi leaders.

Erekat said it was possible Abbas would meet with Bush there, but Israeli officials denied that Abbas and Olmert might meet on the sidelines of the Bush visit.

Olmert was elected in March promising to set Israel’s final borders with the Palestinians by uprooting isolated communities dotted all over the West Bank while holding on to major settlement blocs. Israel, Olmert said, would act unilaterally without a Palestinian peace partner, something it appeared inclined to conclude because of Hamas’ violently anti-Israel ideology.

But a summer war with Lebanese guerrillas, which many Israelis blamed on their unilateral pullout from southern Lebanon six years ago, left Israelis cool to ceding more territory, and Olmert shelved that plan.

His speech Monday signaled a final break with that program, and an attempt to entice the Palestinians back to the negotiating table by outlining likely Israeli concessions under a future peace deal.

“We, the state of Israel, will agree to the evacuation of many territories and the settlements that we built there. This is extremely difficult for us, like the splitting of the Red Sea. We will do it for real peace,” he said.

Israel would pull out of West Bank land and uproot settlements under a peace deal, Olmert said.

In return for a serious Palestinian push for peace, he said, Israel would be prepared to reduce checkpoints that have severely restricted movement in the West Bank; release hundreds of millions of dollars in funds frozen after Hamas took power in March; and free some of the thousands of Palestinian prisoners Israel holds if Hamas-linked militants release, alive and healthy, an Israeli soldier they captured in June.

The freezing of funds has created great hardship in the Palestinian territories by rendering the Hamas government unable to pay full salaries to its civil servants, who provide for one-third of the Palestinian people.

A significant prisoner release would be a major confidence-building gesture because prisoners hold great weight in Palestinian society.

Israeli government officials said they had not ruled out releasing Palestinian uprising leader Marwan Barghouti, who is serving five life sentences for masterminding deadly attacks.

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